Reverse Mortgage Alberta | Construction Mortgage Alberta

Table Of Content:

Because of the high number of reverse mortgage defaults in the past, the Federal Housing Administration imposed limits and criteria on Home Equity Conversion Mortgages (HECMs), including:

a limit on how much a borrower can borrow in the first year, and If there’s a danger the homeowner won’t be able to keep up with the tax and insurance costs, a set-aside account is required.

Before you apply for a reverse mortgage in Alberta, you should understand how they function and the dangers and regulations that come with them. You should also be on the lookout for reverse mortgage scams.

If you learn more about this type of loan, the benefits, and drawbacks, as well as all of the requirements and restrictions, you may reconsider applying for one.

What is the Process of a HECM Reverse Mortgage?

The Home Equity Conversion Mortgage was developed by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) as one of the earliest types of reverse mortgages (HECM). A HECM is the most common reverse mortgage product, accounting for over 90% of the total market.

The Fundamentals of HECMs

A HECM reverse mortgage often provides a borrower with monthly payments or a line of credit from the lender. The loan is then made up of these payments. Each time the lender sends payment or the borrower draws on the line of credit, the principal debt of the loan grows until the borrower achieves the maximum loan amount. Borrowers can also obtain a reverse mortgage in the form of a lump-sum payment or a combination of monthly payments and a line of credit. The loan amount is determined by the equity or sale value of the home.

Who Can Get a Reverse Mortgage?

Reverse mortgages are only offered to homeowners who meet the following criteria:

  • are at least 62 years old
  • use the property as your primary residence, and
  • own the house entirely or have a considerable amount of equity in it

When Does the HECM Have to Be Repaid?

The reverse mortgage loan can be called due in a variety of situations, such as when the borrower:

  • sells the house
  • permanently departs (for example, to a nursing home for more than 12 months)
  • fails to meet mortgage responsibilities (such as paying taxes and insurance) or dies
  • Historically, reverse mortgage lenders have been fast to call loans due and then foreclose.

Withdrawals in the First Year Are Restricted

Borrowers are not allowed to access as much of the value in their houseWithdrawals in the First Year under restrictions. Before 2013, reverse mortgage borrowers may withdraw 100 percent of the principal limit at once. That went into effect in 2013, compared to the maximum amount available before. However, this resulted in many defaults in the following years since borrowers had exhausted their home equity and were unable to obtain more funds or a new loan.

Federal legislation now limits the amount a person can borrow in the first year of a loan to the greater of:

  • 60% of the approved loan amount or
  • the total of obligatory obligations plus 10% of the main limit
  • Existing mortgages and other liens on the property are examples of mandatory liabilities.

Assume Jane has no mandatory commitments (such as liens or an existing mortgage) and is eligible for a $100,000 reverse mortgage. In the first year, she may only receive $60,000 in salary. Jane forfeits the remaining available principle ($40,000) if she takes out the reverse mortgage as a one-time lump amount. On the other hand, Jane has the option of taking a partial lump sum and receiving the remainder of the available principal as a line of credit or monthly installments.

If Jane had any mandatory responsibilities, she might receive additional funds to pay them off. Assume Jane has $70,000 in obligatory commitments (such as a home mortgage and a judgment lien) and is eligible for a $100,000 reverse mortgage. In the first year, she may collect $80,000. (Mandatory obligations are $70,000 plus 10% of the principal limit [$100,000 x.10 = $10,000]: $10,000 = $80,000.) Jane receives $10,000, while the remaining $70,000 is used to pay off the existing mortgage and judgment lien.


Set-Aside Funds for Taxes and Insurance

  • The borrower is liable for paying various items with a HECM, including:
  • property taxes as well as
  • rates for hazard insurance

When considering a reverse mortgage, the lender assesses the homeowner’s financial status to ensure that the borrower will keep up with taxes and insurance. If the lender thinks that the borrower will be unable to pay for these items, it establishes a “set-aside” account as part of the reverse mortgage. A set-aside account is a sum of money that is a component of the loan and is kept by the lender to pay taxes and insurance in future years. Borrowers who have a set-aside account receive less money from the reverse mortgage.

You Must Consult a Housing Counselor

If you desire a HECM, you must first complete a counselling session with a HUD-approved counsellor. However, a counselling session may not offer you enough knowledge to grasp what you’re getting into properly. According to HECM counsellors, it can take a couple of hours to explain how these mortgages function and cover all of the subjects that borrowers need to grasp before taking out this type of loan, including risks, fees, and repercussions. (This information alone should give you an idea of how complicated these mortgages are and why they’re usually a bad decision.) Even after receiving HECM counselling, many borrowers may not fully understand all of the reverse mortgage’s terms and conditions.